Poland. The first article originally appeared in the April edition of Kuhura, a Polish-language journal published in Paris, and was translated into English for. – Biography (not yet available). Works: Open Letter to Ozjasz Szechter. Trotskyism in Poland up to Ludwik Hass (–) was a Polish historian. Authority control. WorldCat Identities · VIAF: · ISNI: · SUDOC:

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He ludwk lived on the Eastern borders of Poland, where Jews tended to be assimilated into the prevailing Russian culture rather than the Polish one.

I never asked Hass his motives for joining the Party, but I can responsibly say that they were quite plain to ljdwik. Before the war he began his studies at Lvov university. Whatever one thinks of Leninism and however one judges it, the PZPR was very far from a return to it. April Click [show] for important translation instructions.

Ludwik Hass

On his arrival in Warsaw he astounded a welcoming delegation of students, by announcing that he was a revolutionary who wanted to overthrow the bureaucracy. It is said lufwik if Trotsky and his supporters had not been defeated, they would have used the same methods of terrorism and dictatorship as Stalin.

Deutscher had already provided the background history of the party in his essay The Tragedy of the Polish Communist Party It is certain that he did not wish to relieve his isolation as a single unattached repatriate. In the West the classics of Marxism are, after all, read and well known.

MIA Library: Ludwik Hass

We will remember him ludwlk that service to the proletarian cause. His aim was to bring about not only a revision of the past, but also a revision of the present. No one could yet predict how far the process of transforming the Communist movement would go. International postwar treaty which laid out the boundary changes in Eastern Europe.


Following the German-Soviet invasion of Poland in he found himself in the territory of the Soviet Union. Nikoloz Semyonovich Chkheidze Georgian: Etymology and spelling There are several unrelated origins for this surname: Administratively, it is designated as a city of regional significance within the oblast, and together with a number of rural localities, ludwwik incorporated as Ivano-Frankivsk Municipality.

However, this opinion states a lot about his attitude towards Gomulka. A demonstration took place in which he participated — singing the Internationale and giving the clenched fist salute to the defendants in the dock. He later married in the Soviet Union and only managed to return to Poland, with his wife and son, in In exile, he reported weekly to the NKVD [2]but in spite of this obligation he made some daring excursions into the centre of Russia by train.

He attributed his survival due to being assigned office work thanks to his education. This fact testifies to his loyalties in the permanent war between Party and people. Only a few months after his arrival from Vorkuta, he took part in street demonstrations in Warsaw in October Arrested, imprisoned and died in the aftermath of the Soviet invasion of Poland aroundexact location and place of death unknown.

He died inliving his later years paralysed and unable to communicate. I remind the reader that Hass left the Party voluntarily and entered the Trotskyist group.

This, together with his long exile in Russia and his marriage to a Russian woman, meant that he spoke Russian at home and, especially at first, found Polish difficult. Among its founding members there were environmentalists, feminists, LGBT people and anti-war activists.


Pudwik The party was established in by activists of several social movements. The fortress was slowly transformed into one of the most prominent cities at the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains. However, Hass’s idea of nationality, although different from this, by no means confined luewik to questions of language and geographical location.

A strong Party could easily have defended itself from such opposition.

Ludwik Hass – Alchetron, The Free Social Encyclopedia

Subscribe to Workers Vanguard View archives. He attributed his survival due to being assigned office work thanks to his education. However I can show ludwim as applied to Hass these remarks were completely untrue and unjustified.

He was a keen Esperantist and strongly promoted the Esperanto language as part of the Trotskyist movement. Afterwards, he served in the Ministry of Military Affairs, in different positions.

Hass scorned such things. This historical luggage was foundational for his life and work in the communist Poland, assured him the system safety against tough repressions by the state authorities, which affected many Polish intellectuals and academicians. While there he became a Trotskyist. In the s, he promoted Marxism in Georgia. Member feedback about Ivano-Frankivsk: Hass continually challenged the classical idea of patriotism by loudly proclaiming unpleasant facts which traditional patriots would rather forget.

A coalition of Centre and Left parties which backed Pilsudski after his coup. He once said that of all the anti-Stalinist opposition groups which arose in Russia, only Trotskyists had the international organisation which gave them ludwil potential for survival.