Irvingia is a genus of African and Southeast Asian trees in the family Irvingiaceae, sometimes known by the common names wild mango, African mango, bush. Some authorities consider this species to be merely a variety of Irvingia gabonensis. Because of the long history of protection and cultivation, others consider. Irvingia wombolu. Irvingiaceae. Vermoesen. LOCAL NAMES. English (bitter bush mango). BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Irvingia wombolu is a tree to m tall.

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The residue obtained after separation from the fat is suitable for processing in the food industry[ ]. The pulp of the fruit of Irvingia wombolu is bitter and slimy and is occasionally added to soups irvingiaa thickener. Once solid, the cake is removed from the container and is ready for use.

This programme utilizes the variability within the species by selecting trees with desirable traits and propagating them, while keeping a broad genetic base. Because of the long history of protection and cultivation, others consider them cultivars of a single species.

Uses of Irvingia gabonensis and Irvingia wombolu in Nigeria. Irvingia wombolu is closely related to and difficult to distinguish from Irvingia gabonensis. Eyo after Okafor and Okolo and Eka looked at the nutrient values of Irvingia kernels in comparison with other species from Nigeria.

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Irvingia gabonensis Aubry -Lecomte ex O” Rouke Baill, the bush mango is a medium sized evergreen tree but large specimens are not uncommon in the natural forest from where a substantial quantity of its fruit or seed is still being sourced in Nigeria.

There are 18 book citations related to Irvingia wombolu Vermoesen. The flowers are yellow and form into groups in the leaf axils. Irvingia wombolu is a TREE growing to 20 m 65ft by 20 m 65ft at a slow rate.

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The tree starts flowering when 6 – 10 years old.

African Plants

The medicinal uses of Irvingia spp. They are also responsible for processing and substantial wlmbolu of marketing. Please view the copyright link for more information. The leaf extract is used as a febrifuge while the kernels are used to treat diabetes. Womvolu are yellow to greenish-white in small panicles. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Irvingia wombolu Irvingiaceae Irvingia wombolu x – 92k – jpg herbaria. To ensure a viable and sustainable production system of Irvingia in Nigeria, we will require to further understand research the socio-economics of Irvingia in Nigeria.


Retrieved 30 June They are specifically also found in compound farms and these days it is not uncommon to find Irvingia protected in Cocoa-cola and coffee plantations. The presscake is a good cattle feed and is suitable in the food industry.

Some authorities consider Irvingia wombolu merely a variety of Irvingia gabonensis. Citation in news articles. Irvingia wombolu References 45 x 42 – 2k – gif www. Recent estimates give as the total figure including those newly described for medicinal uses and sources of natural colours. Young trees are used for making poles and stakes, while branches are made into walking sticks or thatched roof supports[ ]. The kernels are then dried in the irvingua or on bamboo drying racks over the fireplace in the kitchen.

An assessment of the variability in fruits and kernel traits was made and trees were selected on the basis of desired fruit characteristics.

There are 62 citation in scholarly articles related to Irvingia wombolu Vermoesen. Irvingia wombolu Nutrient content of Irvingia kernels The residue obtained after separation from the wombolh is suitable for processing in the food industry.


Standardization of this will help export promotion and the increase of financial returns to the rural farmers who collect from the forests and manually process nut extraction and sun dry for storage before marketing.

The seeds are used for making a mucilaginous sauce in cooking[ ]. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. It is believed that this will provide the seed for the sustainable production of Irvingia as deforestation and old tree age is already affecting wild resources. As it is solid at ambient temperatures it has been used as a substitute for cocoa butter and for soap-making. Kernels irvjngia Irvingia wombolu and related species are widely traded domestically and between countries in West and Central Africa and are exported to Europe.

Recently, an attempt at setting local quality standards for the kernels in trade has commenced. A gram portion of fruit pulp provides 61 calories and includes:. The heartwood is pale greenish brown or irvinvia fading to greyish brown; the sapwood is lighter, womolu not always clearly differentiated. The kernels of all Irvingia species are irvingiw as thickener for soups and stews. Articles with ‘species’ microformats. In other words, for the product of Irvingia to be sustainable, we need to be able to maintain sufficient product of Irvingia irvinggia its season while the genetic resources of the species are adequently consumed and protected.

Non-wood forest products of Central Africa: C and Okolo H. The tree has a high agroforestry potential. Fruit pulp is sometimes added to soups as thickener. There are 1 news article citations related to Irvingia wombolu Vermoesen. The nutritive value of the kernels per g edible portion is: Oil is extracted by boiling the ground kernels and scooping off the oil.