HIPOTIROID KONGENITAL PADA ANAK PDF

HIPOTIROID KONGENITAL PADA ANAK PDF

HIPOTIROID KONGENITAL. EA. Ega Andari. Updated 21 November Transcript. Bertujuan mengembalikan fungsi metabolisme; termoregulasi, respirasi. Waspada Hipotiroid Kongenital pada Bayi Baru Lahir – http://www. Kekurangan hormon tiroid pada masa anak- anak akan menghentikan pertumbuhan dan menghasilkan wajah infantil yang Kretinism (hipotiroid kongenital).

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Email required Address never made public. B Affected infants have unusually small fontanelles. Inborn metabolic errors of thyroid synthesis are much less frequent. Hypothyroidism also can be associated with anemia and impaired renal function, but these are mild. D Most infants with congenital hypothyroidism are asymptomatic at birth. April 7, Author: A Affected infants are usually clinically apparent by the third day of life.

In familial short stature, the bone age is normal compared to chronological age.

A large posterior fontanelle is the only other finding. Awareness of the subtle clini- cal signs and symptoms is imperative. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. C Affected infants appear thin.

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Which of abak following is true of congenital hypothy- roidism? They also have an increased likelihood of leukemia, but not solid tumors. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here Therapy initiated prior to 2—4 weeks of life can ensure near-normal intelli- gence.

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SOAL-SOAL HIPOTIROID KONGENITAL / Congenital Hypothyroidism

Most patients are euthy- roid, ,ongenital are hypothyroid, and a few are hyperthyroid. To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: The other causes of congenital hypothyroidism are uncommonly seen.

Maternal ingestion of propylthiouracil causes a transi- tory hypothyroidism, but history should reveal maternal use of this drug. Notify me of new comments via email. However, other auto- immune disorders, including diabetes mellitus, adrenal insufficiency, hypoparathyroidism, and pernicious anemia, occur in only a minority of patients.

Streak gonads are a finding seen in Turner syndrome. This finding is occasionally used as a quick indirect screen for hypothyroidism.

Examination reveals an alert infant with a large tongue, cool skin, a large umbil- ical hernia, okngenital extremities, and hypotonia. You are commenting using your WordPress. This site uses cookies. The ossification center of the hamate is not normally present at birth, thus x-ray examination of the wrist is of no value in the newborn period.

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Close neurodevelopmental follow-up is necessary. D Prolonged hyperbilirubinemia is common. Maternal ingestion of iodides as in expectorants is a recognized cause of neona- tal hypothyroidism but is rare today. They are more likely to have endocrinopathies, including hypothyroidism. The most commonly used standards are those of Gruelich and Pyle, which require radiographs of the left hand and wrist; knee films are sometimes added for younger children.

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Atlanto-axial instability is also frequent, but is not associated with arthritis. A 1-month-old female infant is referred to your clinic for a positive newborn screen for hypothy- roidism.

HIPOTIROID KONGENITAL by Ega Andari on Prezi

The thyroid gland is invariably enlarged, often irregularly so. Thyroid hormone is critical for normal brain develop- ment, deficiency of thyroid hormone during the first 2—3 years of life could result in irre- versible brain development.

Reference standards for bone maturation facil-itate estimation of bone age. If the mother is receiving antithyroid medication, this also crosses the placenta, and the infant may be euthyroid or even hypothyroid at birth.

Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? Roentgenographic demon- stration of absence of the distal femoral epiphyses in a term infant would be suggestive of hypothy- roidism. No other abnormalities are detected. Although cardiomegaly from myxedema of the heart can be seen, there are so many other, much more common causes of cardiomegaly in the newborn that an enlarged heart would not be suggestive of hypothyroidism.