Michel Foucault’s “History of Sexuality” is an undertaking in nullification of the was a regulated and polymorphous incitement to discourse (Foucault, ). Incitement to Discourse. In , Foucault asked “how is it that in a society like ours, sexuality is not simply a means of reproducing the species. In Michel Foucault’s “The Incitement to Discourse”, the development of sex as discourse within our society is illustrated beginning in the 17th.
||Health and Food
||12 January 2009
|PDF File Size:
|ePub File Size:
||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Is what first appears to our view really the accentuation or establishment of a regime of sexual repression beginning in the seventeenth century? The confession is a ritual of discourse in which the speaking subject is also the subject of the statement and it is also a ritual of power manifested by the presence of another.
Foucault informs us that historically there have been two main procedures for producing the truth of sex. An instance provided by Foucault is in 18th century secondary schools where explicit statements regarding sex were not socially accepted, but there was a constant focus on sex in the establishments of schools.
Foucault on Discourses Concerning Sex
The confession has spread its effects far and wide; we confess our crimes, our sins, incitemfnt thoughts and our desires.
By Roy Hornsby Michel Foucault’s “History of Sexuality” is an undertaking in nullification of the notion that Western society has experienced a repression of sexuality since the seventeenth century.
The purpose of this paper is an attempt to explain, through the reasoning of Foucault, that modern society has implemented the mechanisms necessary for generating true discourses relating to sex.
Firstly, is sexual repression an established historical fact? In that manner, sex became confined to the privacy of the home and the procreative couple and at the same time it became an enmeshment of a web of discourses and forms of analysis between the state and individuals Smart, Parent as “Power and Sex,” in Telos 32pp.
Michel Foucault’s “The Incitement to Discourse” | ENGL – Methods of Literary and Cultural Study
What knowledge savoir was formed as a result of this linkage? Foucault has no patience at all with what is termed the ‘repressive hypothesis’ as he feels that a society cannot be sexually repressed when there is such an incitement to discourse upon this very belief Bristow, Likewise, sex became a critical tool in population analytics as it was used to determine statistics like birth rate, death rate, and contraceptive use to determine the future population growth of countries.
During the nineteenth century Western civilizations developed a scientia sexualis the goal of which was to produce true discourses on sex. Ultimately, by excluding information and language that would highlight the farm hand as the perpetrator and the little girl as the victim and by deliberately outlining his takeaways from this story, Foucault demonstrates how silence is not an accidental occurrence, but rather, a strategic tool that is just impactful as explicit discourse.
That perhaps all of the forms of discourse had as their end the cultivation of a vital population, reproduction of labour capacity and the prevailing social relations.
Use of Silence in Foucault’s “The Incitement to Discourse”
His analysis begins with an examination of the widely held belief that in the Victorian era, sexual experience and practice were subjected to a power of repression Smart, It is the sanctity accorded to the heterosexual monogamy in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries that has as its natural consequence the incitement to confession of a multitude of sexual perversions that were deemed as unnatural or abnormal equivalents to the ‘regular’ sexuality of the ‘acceptable’ couple Smart, Nearly one hundred and fifty years have gone inciitement the making of the complex machinery for producing true discourses on sex and the enablement of the truth of sex and its pleasures to be embodied in a thing called ‘sexuality’ Foucault, Indeed to construct a knowledge of the individual the object disclurse the investigation has become to uncover the truth of ijcitement and to reveal its assumed hidden secret.
He states that the desire to speak about the repressed nature of sex participated in the very structure that it was seeking to decipher Bristow, What were the effects of power generated by what was icnitement
What are the links between these discourses, these effects of power, and the pleasures that were invested by them? It stirred up peoples fear as it claimed to tell the truth as it ascribed an imaginary dynasty of evils destined to be passed on for generations Foucault, This occurred as sex became increasingly an object of administration and management through government inquiry.
Modern society, according to Foucault, “put into operation an entire machinery for producing true discourses concerning sex”. Rather than censorship, what evolved was a regulated and polymorphous incitement to discourse Foucault, The transformation of sex into discourse along with the dissemination and reinforcement of heterogeneous sexualities are all linked together with the help of the central element of the confession which compels individuals to express their sexual peculiarity no matter how extreme it may be Foucault, Proudly powered by WordPress.
Foucault argues further by suggesting that it is peculiar to modern societies not to consign sex to a shadowy existence but to speak about it ad infinitum whilst at the same time exploiting it as the secret. In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries a diversity of discourses on sexuality in the fields of medicine, psychiatry, pedagogy, criminal justice and social work emerged.
The immense extortion of the sexual confession came to be constituted in scientific terms in the following ways; a clinical codification of the inducement to speak, the postulate of a general and diffuse causality, the principle of a latency intrinsic to sexuality, the method of interpretation, the medicalisation of the effects of confession Foucault,pp Foucault exemplifies this with sex by describing how the Catholic church required that you confess your sexual thoughts and desires as sins.
He argued that there was another tendency that became apparent in the increase of sexual discourse Smart, The dominant agency does not reside within the constraint of the person who speaks but rather within the one who listens and says nothing; neither does it reside within the one who knows and answers but within the one who questions and is not supposed to know. Your email address will not be published.
Whatever is most difficult to tell we offer up for scrutiny with the greatest precision. Talking about sex became allowed in certain instances and not in others. It began to be spoken about from the rarified and neutral viewpoint of lncitement, a science that refused to speak of sex itself but spoke of aberrations, perversions, exceptional oddities, pathological abatements and morbid aggravations.
Since Christianity, the Western world has never ceased saying: He said; “how is it that in a society like ours, sexuality is not simply a means of reproducing the species, the family and the individual? Foucault shatters the illusion that from the Middle Ages onward a prudish Victorian culture did everything that it could to silence sexuality when he claims that sexuality was, in that period, the subject of immense verbosity. In Christian societies, sex has been the central object of examination, surveillance, avowal and transformation into discourse” Michel Foucault, Politics Philosophy Culture,  This intersection of the technology of the confession with scientific investigation and discourse has constructed the domain of sexuality within modern discourde as being problematic and in need of interpretation.
Sex, albeit hidden we are told, has been the privileged theme of confession from the Christian penance to the present day. This entry was posted in Section It is the bond between the one who speaks and what he is speaking about within the intimacy of discourse that warrants the integrity fouxault the confession. Not simply a means to obtain pleasure and enjoyment?
Societies such as China, Japan, India, Rome and the Arabo-Muslim societies granted to themselves the ars erotica, and from this erotic art, truth is drawn from the pleasure in itself. The end result of this ritual produces fundamental changes in the person who expresses it as it exonerates and liberates him with the promise of salvation. Sex became our privileged locus or secret of our being – our truth, and the pursuit is now for the ‘truth of sex’ and the ‘truth in sex’ Smart, The discourse of truth takes effect finally however, from the one from whom it was wrested and not from the one who receives it Foucault, By deliberately excluding specific details about the situation and by deliberately including information about the frequency and prevalence of similar situations, Foucault changes the impact and interpretation of this story.
This society conceived a new type of pleasure as it endeavoured to create the homogeneous truth concerning sex: Silence is strategic because when its presence is acknowledged and recognized, people must think about what is not being said, why it is not being said, and who is not saying it. According to Smartp96Foucault stated that as the seventeenth century drew to a close. According to Smartp96Foucault stated that as the seventeenth century drew to a close; “there emerged a political, economic and technical incitement to talk about sex.