Frenkel exercises are a set of exercises developed by Professor Heinrich Sebastian Frenkel to treat ataxia, in particular cerebellar ataxia. They are a system of.

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Then the patient should do something entirely different and unrelated for fifteen minutes, say read a book or have a chat.

Frenkel noted that the patient had to be free from opiate and alcohol use, for instance, in order to achieve the required focus of attention. Several months later, on re-examination, the patient showed extraordinary improvement in coordination. The patient asked Ejercicis Frenkel about the test and was told what it meant and that he did not ‘pass’ the test. Or at least others?

Frenkel was astonished by the improvement.

Frenkel exercises

They are a system of slow repetitious frenkle. Retrieved from ” https: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Views Read Edit View history. April Learn how and when to remove this template message. He had never seen such an improvement before, which was contradictory to the teaching of the day and in fact is sadly widespread today. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

However, it is better that a physiotherapist is involved. The patient can treat himself and obviously in the absence of a medical practitioner must do so. Frenkel exercises are a ejercicips of exercises developed by Professor Heinrich Sebastian Frenkel [1] to treat ataxiain particular cerebellar ataxia.


It is thought that the fifteen-minute break enables the new neural connections to be created.


Frenkel states that is very important that the therapist also gives the patient pep talks and motivation. Mosby’s Medical Dictionary 8th ed. This article’s use of external links may not follow Wikipedia’s policies or guidelines. The exercises were developed by Heinrich Frenkela Swiss neurologist who, one day inwhile examining a patient with ataxia, observed the patient’s poor performance of the finger-to-nose test.

This page was last edited on 11 Octoberat Julian—Gregorian uncertainty Wikipedia external links cleanup from April Wikipedia spam cleanup from April Apathy, lack of motivation and clinical depression are very common in cases of cerebellar ataxia and are one of the main reasons for failure of therapy.

The brain as a whole learns to compensate for motor deficits in the cerebellum or the spinal cord where applicable. In his ejercjcios on ataxia, Frenkel states: The therapist may also help the patient move where muscular strength is low. They increase in difficulty over the time of the program.

Research has shown that 20, to 30, repetitions may be required to produce results. When Frenkel asked the patient what had happened in the interval, the patient replied, ‘I wanted to pass the test sjercicios so I practiced.

ejercicios de Frenkel – English Translation – Word Magic Spanish-English Dictionary

At that point the patient goes back to the exercises for another three minutes when it will be found that the skill has improved to a step higher from when the exercises were last done fifteen minutes earlier. Please improve this article by removing excessive or inappropriate external links, and converting useful links where appropriate into footnote references. He or she motivates and guides the patient in how to watch himself move. If the ataxia affects say, head movements, the patient can use a mirror or combination of mirrors to watch their own head movements.


The Frenkel and Other Exercises”. Although the technique is simple, needs virtually no exercise equipment, and can be done on one’s own, concentration and some degree of perseverance is required.

The repetitions djercicios take just a few minutes every hour. Frenkel’s book states that the best way to perform the exercises is to do them for three minutes using some kind of timer so the exercises become less of a chore.

The American Journal of Nursing. This attitude is almost always incorrect and in recent years has begun to change with the recognition of brain plasticity.