DECRETO 5707 DE 2006 PDF

DECRETO 5707 DE 2006 PDF

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The relevance of technocrats within the Nazi elite, who recognised the potential of science for the National Socialist system, would show that Hitler’s regime was supported by science to reach its goals. Their tasks ranged from maintenance of good conditions in the workplace, to the conservation and improvement in the workers’ health and the control of work accidents and occupational illnesses.

For this, publications between the years to were analyzed in two research bases: Through this, we observed the predominance of the focus on the three classic dimensions of competencies – knowledge, skills and attitudes – but a more contemporary strand of studies skills can already be observed, in which the authors sought to study the practical and organizational structure can influence the development of individual skills, reporting on the current trend of “can do” at work, understood as the ability of institutions to receive, give conditions and utilize the potential of its employees.

Dreyfuss and Paul Rabinow, Michel Foucault: Work injuries, scientific management and the production of disabled bodies in Spain, Decrreto functions within the companies, as shown in its Article 4, were that of monitoring the fulfilment of the legislation regarding health and safety at work and the protection of workers’ lives and health. Therefore, it is appropriate to take the Institute as a fundamental reference point to show how Spanish doctors responded to the call decrefo to them by the ” Nuevo Estado ” to attempt to fight the challenges which, in relation to work, disability set forth for the Franco regime.

In effect, during the Franco regime occupational medicine worked as a “discipline” which contributed to exercise a form of “bio-power” over the “productores”. However, the Fuero also gave more emphasis on the mandatory nature of work than the idea of work as a right.

The practice of occupational medicine contained a series of elements that could cause Spaniards to change their considerations, both of those who were “able” and those who were considered to be “not able” for work, regarding people with disability.

Consequently, the new political regime stated that it was committed to exercising “a constant and efficient action to defend the worker, his life and his work” Declaration 2. On these points, Spain was conceived as “a universal unit of destination” and, drcreto imperialist, Catholic, nationalist statements, supporting military values and with the wish to defend the integrity of the homeland El programa, decreo, p. At the end of the decade of the s occupational medicine had reached an important degree of development in Spain.

The idea was to establish the performance of periodic check-ups in the companies of all the producers and more selectively in the case of appreciating “an excess of absenteeism in a specific working environment or a specific team of workers” Sangro,p.

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The forensic examination of the injuries, the clinical work to restore the worker’s body to “normality” and the development of preventative steps against the risks of the work were tasks that fell under their professional jurisdiction.

The need to ensure that nobody who could work stopped doing so involved a series of actions for which the expert doctors seemed to be the best qualified.

The industrialisation process has been indicated as a prominent phase in the historic development of disability. Amongst other things, the idea was to instill in the ” productor ” the value of preventing disability, particularly when it was the result of accidents at work.

The state, it mentioned in its Declaration I. University of California Medical Humanities Press. On the other hand, the military forces and the improvement of nations depended on a supply of strong young men. Additionally, as it insisted on the cost that disability had for the national income, it stimulated a view of disabled people as a burden for the public coffers.

Unlike the United Kingdom’s version, where due to the dominance of Keynesian macro-economic policy on governments in the immediate post war years it was crucial to establish a decret state model that guaranteed attention for all disabled people Barnes, Mercer and Shakespeare,p. The relevance granted to maintain workers’ physical integrity justified the presence in the workplaces of some experts who could act, monitoring the damage that disability caused to the productivity.

Regarding the worker, the Minister of Labour stated that his efficiency was the interesting point. World Rehabilitation Fund Reprint. Regarding the way disability was considered by 55707 regime, two ideas should be highlighted due to their importance.

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It would seem plausible to identify in these steps a wish to establish what Cambrosio called “factory panoptism”; that is to say, a set of practices aimed at monitoring the worker within the framework of the company itself and to indoctrinate him to make him less conflictive and more productive Cambrosio,p. In this way, people with disabilities that were neither victims of work accidents —who received care through the private mutual insurance companies— nor active “productores” —covered by the CSI—, had to be attended by charity institutions many of them managed by religious orders or by the state’s benevolent institutions.

On the other hand, unlike the occurrence in Spain with the Civil War, the victorious coalition in the Second World War allowed, for example, the recommendations of William Beveridge to be followed and a universal welfare state model to be implanted, which the Franco regime’s system tried to emulate very slowly, initially more based on a paternalistic and Bismarckian conception.

To promote efficiency, it was the doctor’s function to prevent the situations that led to the worker suspending his productive activity; to obtain the worker’s fast recovery when he had had to leave his work due to an accident or an occupational illness; and to increase the worker’s physical capacity to make him work harder. Specifically, the decade of the s contributed to providing an atmosphere where deprivation, as well the fear of deprivation, promoted the political polarisation towards extremes.

This way of considering the relation between disability and work meant an interpretation that was going to be seen as highly influential during Franco’s regime. It is not surprising that, as it was presented as something that was necessary and essential for the prosperity of the Nation, and as the origin of a series of recognitions for those who undertook its performance, the new regime proclaimed the “right to work” of all Spaniards and considered the guarantee of its fulfilment to be a “primary task of the State” Declaration I.

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Disability was therefore shown as a phenomenon which had important repercussions both on the people who were classified as “disabled”, and on those who were considered “able” to work; disability became a powerful reason to justify and legitimate actions aimed at controlling the behaviour of all the workers in order to prevent them from becoming, either temporarily or permanently, unproductive people.

Caja Nacional de Seguro de Accidentes del Trabajo. Not only did it acknowledge that preventing the occurrence of accidents was the responsibility of the State and the employer, but this was also considered to be one of the worker’s duties.

It was a “social duty” that was going to be “inexcusably demanded, in any of its methods of all non-disabled Spaniards” Declaration 1.

Abstract Work was given an important position within the political programme of General Franco’s dictatorship, which considered work to be ddcreto fundamental factor for economic development and a means by which the regime could exercise its power.

For this reason, the “existence” of the worker had to be looked after, preventing the risks to which the work activity exposed him to through the control of the hygiene of the industrial premises, hygiene education amongst the working classes and “extensive work legislation” Matilla,p.

Since in some cases the accident could be attributed to the negligence of the worker in following the “commandments” that doctors gave to prevent accidents, they could now be regarded as a kind of sinner, as someone who had turned away from what was considered right and just. To stress this last point, it was affirmed that: The NIMHSW responded to this challenge by carrying out training courses to provide the state with decrrto type of doctors that it needed Cursillo, In its introduction, the Fuero was presented as the 20006 in which the state began its task of carrying out the revolution for which, in its opinion, Decrdto was waiting.

It is easy to recognise here an expression of that concern with the health and strength of workforces and army forces and with their reproduction that Pickstone called “productionist medicine”. Return to Text This way of considering vecreto relevance that eecreto medicine had in Spain differed from the reasons it had acquired growing importance in the United Kingdom, where it appeared more connected to the development of social medicine and public health linked to the priority the British government gave to the workers’ health during the Second World War McIvor, Johnston,pp.

Ve is the point where the rhetoric resorted to religious metaphors to emphasise the obligatory nature of fulfilling the health and safety recommendations at work.