BS Code of practice for protective earthing of electrical installations. BS EN Earthing of power installations exceeding 1kVac. – BS Code of practice for protective earthing of electrical installations. – BS Code of. A well designed earthing system is basic for any electrical installation to avoid the systems”. Great Britain: BS “Code of practice for Earthing”. France: NF.
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Dry sand, gravel, chalk, limestone, whinstone, granite, any very stony earthhing, and all locations where virgin rock is very close to the surface should be avoided if possible. This is one of the best design reference i have seen. Soil temperature has some effect on the upper layers of strata, but is only important under frosty conditions. This applies particularly to surfaces which might have been primed before assembly. Second important characteristic of earthing connection is that it MUST be capable of carrying the maximum earthingg fault current.
Effective earthing safeguards people from the risk of electric shock. Take the smart route to manage medical device compliance. The majority of the formulae presented in this section relate to low frequency currents and high frequency examples are not included.
This section deals only with a straight run of conductor. Find Similar Items This product falls into the following categories. Corrosion of concrete encased steelwork, subject to a. In the case of contacts between metalwork within concrete or below ground, such as reinforcing bars, this may best be effected by welding.
Measurements and Calculations Of Earth Electrode Systems (BS ) | EEP
Above ground and at anchor bolts 740 may generally done by attaching a bond conductor to bypass each structural joint. Professional in AutoCAD programming. You may find similar items within these categories by selecting from the choices below:.
It is important that consideration is given to the possibility of corrosion of the metalwork reinforcement.
BS +A Code of practice for protective earthing of electrical installations
It also includes some technical changes to correct and clarify formulae and equations. Allowance should be made for the consequent increase in electrode resistance due to changes in moisture content when using measurements made during the installation of a structure. Customers who bought this product also bought BS EN The minimum ground cover should not be less than mm and ideally the surrounding soil should be damp.
The total electrode area formed earthingg the underground metalwork of large structure may often be used to provide an earth resistance lower then that obtainable by other methods. Premium Membership Get access to premium electrical guides, technical articles and much more! The standard is relevant in the following sectors: Facebook Linkedin Google Plus Twitter.
There are commercially available materials to achieve this effectively, but care should be taken to understand how they work during installation to ensure that they remain in contact with the rod or strip and do not shrink or swell away after drying out.
It is essential to measure the resistance to earth of any metalwork it is intended to use as an electrode, and to monitor its value at regular intervals afterwardsin order to confirm that it continues to provide an adequate connection to earth. Foundation metalwork in concrete may be used as a ready made and effective earth electrode.
The resistance R should be taken as the ratio of the voltage between the inner electrodes and the current between the outer electrodes. Standard Number BS These figures are very general and should not be used to replace actual measurements made at the proposed site.
Most first approximation formulae are related to homogenous soil, which is rarely the case in practice, where the different layers of strata will affect the distribution of current passing through the electrode. Premium Membership Premium membership gives you an access to specialized technical articles and extra premium content electrical guides and software. In particular, continuous earth currents should be given attention.
Where the structure is supported on many similar footings, it may be considered feasible and more satisfactory to measure the resistance of one footing before it is electrically connected to othersand before there are any other electrically paralleled footings close by. Table 1 gives examples of resistivity only. Chemical treatment of soil has environmental implications and should not be considered as a long term solution in order to meet a specified level of resistance, apart from the risk of corrosion to the earthling system.
When two or more strips in straight lengths, each of length L in meters m and a separation distance s metres are laid parallel to each other and connected together at one end only the combined resistance may be calculated from the following equation:.
However, onsite resistivity testing should always be carried out prior to carrying out an earth system design and installation. It is therefore important to recognize this issue if a long horizontal tape or bare cable is being considered for producing a low earth resistanceeven though the impedance will ultimately be limited to a final value see Figure 4.
The effect of other reinforcement which might be attached by wire ties only, may be neglected. For conventional sizes, the resistance is approximately inversely proportional to the linear dimensions, not to the surface areai. Current should be passed between the two outer electrodes and the resistance R may be found as the ratio of the voltage between the inside electrodes to the current conducted through the outside electrodes.
The basic nature and properties of soil in a given location cannot be changed without considerable expense, and careful consideration of the geology should be used to determine the best location for an earthing system. A possible source of such current might be incompatibility with other buried metalworkincluding other types of earth electrode to which foundation metalwork may be bonded.
Alternating current should not be expected to cause corrosion, but, rectification sufficient to produce a very small proportion of direct current might take place. An earthing system should be of the highest integrity and of robust construction to ensure that it remains safe and will not endanger the health and safety of persons or their surroundings.