Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only. Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten was a German philosopher. He was a brother to theologian Siegmund Jakob Baumgarten. For scholars of Kant, the German Enlightenment and the history of metaphysics, Alexander Baumgarten’s Metaphysics is an essential.

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This lucid translation finally makes Baumgarten’s seminal work available in English.

It is a very welcome addition to the primary sources available to scholars. Fugate and Hymers have simply produced an exceptional volume that will be of great value to Kant scholarship, and we can only hope that they will engage in similar translation projects in the future. For scholars of Kant, the German Enlightenment and the history of metaphysics, Alexander Baumgarten’s Metaphysics is an essential, authoritative resource to a significant philosophical text. Psychology Prolegomena Chapter I.

A science of aesthetics would be, for Baumgarten, a deduction of the rules or principles of artistic or natural beauty from individual “taste”.

Introduction to the Translation Introduction 1. And art became, not the important thing it was intended to be, but the empty amusement of idle people. Later in the CritiqueKant criticized the Leibnizian system for failing to recognize the autonomy of just those aspects of our mental life.

Metaphysica – Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten – Google Books

Meier —77however, assisted him to such an extent that credit for certain contributions is difficult to assess. The internal disjunctive predicates of a being Chapter III. By using our website you consent to all cookies in accordance with our Cookie Policy. He was a brother to theologian Siegmund Jakob Baumgarten — Only later was the term restricted to the discussion of beauty and of the nature of the fine arts.

In his most important work, Aesthetica —58he sets forth the difference between a moral and exclusively aesthetic…. It is a very welcome addition to the primary sources available to scholars.


For Kant, an aesthetic judgment is subjective in that it relates to the internal feeling of pleasure or displeasure and not to any qualities in an external object. The Germans are the only people who presently have come to use the word aesthetic[s] to designate what others call the critique of taste.

Following DescartesWolff saw the ideas encountered in sensation as those whose content was presented in the most obscure way. They are doing so on the basis of a false hope conceived by that superb analyst Baumgarten.

Alexander Baumgarten No preview available – The concept of God Chapter II. University of Halle University of Jena no degree.

Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten

Enlightenment theory views on aesthetics In aesthetics: In doing so we would also come closer to the language of the ancients and its meaning. Because of this it is advisable to follow either of two alternatives. It is, rather, our judgment of taste which constitutes the proper test for the correctness of those rules or criteria.

By order of the king, he moved to Frankfurt on the Order inwhere he remained until his death in Including Kant’s annotations in his own copy of metaphyaica Metaphysica along with baumgagten illuminating introduction and extensive notes and glossary, this volume will be indispensable metxphysica all future students of Kant and German philosophy. Notes on this Translation. Alexander Baumgartenan influential German philosopher preceding Immanuel Kant, is remembered mainly as a founder of modern aesthetics.

Yet his manual on metaphysics was one of the chief textbooks of philosophical instruction in latter 18th-Century Germany.

Please note that we currently support the following browsers: In so doing, he gave the word a different significance, thereby inventing its modern usage. The mefaphysica internal predicates of a being Chapter II. The well-researched and fully accurate English translation of Baumgarten’s work takes proper account of contemporaneous Latin usage as well as key philosophical concepts, especially the concepts underlying the development of metaphysical thinking in eighteenth-century Germany after Leibniz.


Baumgarten was born in Berlin inten years before Kant and two years before Leibniz’s death.

Fugate and Hymers’ rich, attentive and scrupulous critical notes never make the reader feel unassisted in this undertaking. Together, Courtney Fugate and I are bringing out the first comprehensive translation of this influential text, clearly indicating the German variants and expansions, but using the Latin as the base text.

Nevertheless, Baumgarten believed that there was more to be said about the way that ideas appear to us in sensation and perception than that they were simply a confused version of ideas that might be apprehended purely intellectually. It nevertheless remained a powerful force,…. Index Outline Category Portal. His dissertation at Halle, Meditationes philosophicae de nonnullis ad poema pertinentibusfocused on poetry, foreshadowing the philosophical discipline to which his name is most often connected.

In this way, the creative process of the world is mirrored in their own activity. The problems of aesthetics had been treated by others before Baumgarten, but he both advanced the discussion of such topics as art and beauty and set the discipline off from the rest of philosophy.

Theories of Art and Society, Below you will find scans of some of the editions from which we worked. Its structure is a major catalyst for the form and content of much of even Kant’s critical work, and especially of its metaphysics.

The Philosophical Context of the Metaphysics. This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica.