Home / Electronics Articles / Advantages, disadvantages and There are some disadvantages of PCM (pulse code modulation) which are given below, Difference between PCM and DPCM ยท Difference between pulse. Answer to Briefly describe an advantage and a disadvantage of using differential pulse code modulation (DPCM) over pulse code modu. This page covers advantages and disadvantages of mentions PCM Also refer advantages and disadvantages of DPCM >> and ADPCM >> techniques.

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The digits of binary representation of the code number are transmitted as pulses. Realization of basic concept described above is based on a technique in which we have to predict current sample value based upon previous samples or sample and we have to encode the difference between actual value of sample and predicted value the difference between samples can be interpreted as prediction error.

PWM and PPM are used in special-purpose communications systems mainly for the military but are seldom used for commercial dcm transmission systems.

Digital Transmission.

We choose weighting factors in order to minimize some function of error between and like mean-squared this leads us to the minimization of quantization noise better signal-to-noise ratio. The higher the amplitude of the sample, the farther to the right the pulse is positioned within the prescribed time slot.

For the ADC to accurately convert a voltage to a binary code, the voltage must be relatively constant so that the ADC can complete the conversion before the voltage level changes. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Download ppt “Digital Transmission. A sample-and-hold circuit is a nonlinear device mixer with two inputs: PCM is by far the most prevalent form of pulse modulation and will be discussed in more detail. The facts that were mentioned in this paragraph are applicable to signals in general not just image and video signals.


Delta signal can be positive or negative and then as described above the output signal is formed. To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors.

Fundamentals of Data and Signals. As it can be noticed in DM there is a feedback by which the output signal is brought to the integrator which integrates and the bipolar pulses forming a pulse signal which is being compared to the input value. The magnitude of a quantum is also called the resolution. For illustration, we present two histograms made from the same picture which were coded in two ways. If the current sample is larger than the previous sample, a logic 1 is transmitted. Mathematically, the minimum Nyquist sampling rate is: Converting an analog signal to a PCM code with a limited number of combinations requires quantization.

Each code has the same number of bits and requires the same length of time for transmission. Analog signals contain an infinite number of amplitude possibilities. DPCM compression depends on the prediction technique, well-conducted prediction techniques lead to good compression rates, in other cases DPCM could mean expansion comparing to regular PCM encoding.

In images this means that there is a correlation between the neighboring pixels, in video signals disadvanfage is between the same pixels in consecutive frames and inside frames which is same as correlation inside image. This page covers advantages and disadvantages of PCM. Because the range of sample differences is typically less than the range of individual samples, fewer bits are required for DPCM than conventional PCM.

About project SlidePlayer Terms of Service. Intra-frame coding exploits spatial redundancy and inter-frame coding exploits temporal redundancy. Feedback Privacy Policy Feedback. The highest amplitude sample produces a pulse to the far right, and the lowest disadvanttage sample produces a pulse to the advanrage left. Consequently, the minimum sampling rate is equal to twice the highest audio input frequency.


Because it’s necessary to predict sample value DPCM is form of predictive coding. The rounded off error is called the called the quantization error Qe. Auth with social network: Identical predictions of both receiver and transmitter are assured by transmitter configuration in which transmitter bases its prediction on the same values as receiver i.

Granular noise – is caused by too large step size in signal parts with small slope. Registration Forgot your password? It is important to point out that in forming a prediction reciever i.

PCM is a binary system where a pulse or lack of a pulse within advanttage prescribed time slot represents either a logic 1 or a logic 0 condition.

Basic concept of DPCM – coding a difference, is based on the fact that most source signals show significant correlation between successive samples so encoding uses dieadvantage in sample values which implies lower bit rate.

Digital Transmission. – ppt download

Following are the drawbacks or disadvantages of PCM: In the intra-frame coding the difference is formed between the neghboring pixels of the same frame, while in the inter-frame coding it is formed between the value of the same value in two consecutive frames. Code number is in the form of binary representation. Quantizer generates output according to difference signal if difference signal is positive quantizer generates positive impulse, and if the difference is negative dlcm generates negative signal.

The purpose of a sample-and-hold circuit is to periodically sample the continually changing analog input voltage and convert those samples to a series dppcm constant-amplitude PAM voltage levels.

Can be reduced by increasing the step size. DPCM compression of images and video signals DPCM conducted on signals with correlation between successive samples leads to good compression ratios.